The following are some benefits and notes from Sunday’s Al Muntaqaa class (10th Oct, 2015) with Shaykh Saalih Al Fawzaan:
Two Great Benefits Of Visiting The Graves
Our shaykh Saalih Al Fawzaan mentioned two benefits of visiting the graves, they are as follows:
- It is a reminder concerning the affairs of the hereafter, it reminds the person about his death and that he will soon join the those that have already passed away.
- It is an opportunity for the one visiting to supplicate for the deceased.
Is There A Special Time For Visiting The Graves ?
There is no special time for visiting the graves, however a person should not be over excessive in doing so.
Can Women Visit The Graves ?
- Our Shaykh may Allah preserve him mentioned that it is not permissible for the women to visit the graveyard. this coincides with the narration of the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam which can be found in the collections of Imaam Ahmad, Ibn Maajah and Imaam At Tirmidhi, on the authority of Abi Hurayrah radiallahu anhu where he alayhi salaam said: “Cursed are the women who visit the graves“.
- Women visiting the graves is from the major sins, and that is because the narration of Abi Hurayrah which we stated previously, the prophet salallahu alayhi wa salam connected a punishment to that which he forbade.
- It is also not correct for the women to follow the funeral procession up until the graveyard, however it is permissible for them to perform salaatul janaazah.
- It is not permissible for the women to even send salaams upon the decease when passing by the graveyards. this also refers to the grave of the prophet salallahu alayhi wa salam.
Reciting Qur’aan After Burying The Deceased At The Grave
Reciting Qur’aan at the graveyard is an innovation, as for the narration which mentions the recitation of Surah Yaasin, then this narration is not established as authentic.
The Duaa for Visiting Or Passing by The Graveyard
The duaa for visiting the graves should also be recited while passing by for the men, we’ve mentioned previously that it is impermissible for the women to do so. The companion Buraydah رضي الله عنه mentioned in the collections of Imaam Muslim, Imaam Ahmad and Ibn Maajah that the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم taught them to say whenever visiting the graves:
السلام عليكم أهل الديار من المؤمنين و المسلمين و إنا إنشاء الله بكم للاحقون نسأل الله لنا و لكم العافية
Peace be unto you oh inhabitants of the graves from the believers and the muslims, by the will of Allah we are sure to follow you, we ask Allah for ourselves and you to wipe out our sins.
Is It Permissible to Remove The Deceased from The Grave After Burial?
- It is permissible to remove the deceased from the grave after burial for a necessity as is mentioned in the authentic collection of Imaam Al Bukhaari that the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم came to the grave of Abdullah bin Ubay after his body was buried. The body was brought out and then the Prophet put his saliva over the body and clothed it in his shirt.
- One of the necessities of removing the deceased from his grave after burial is if he was buried in a non-muslim graveyard to be placed in a Muslim graveyard.
- It is not permissible to remove the deceased from the grave so that a family who missed the janaazah can pray over the body but rather the person is permitted to pray by the grave.
- The deceased may not be moved from the grave except with the permission of the authorities and seeking a ruling from the people of knowledge.
- The deceased can be taken out or moved from his grave for a necessity even after many years have passed.
Notes compiled and translated by Abuabdilmaalik Abdulhaqq Ibn Islaam