27 January 2015

He who denies resurrection has disbelieved – (Sh. Fawzaan)

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He who denies the resurrection has disbelieved. The proof is the statement of The Most High:

زَعَمَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَن لَّن يُبْعَثُوا ۚ قُلْ بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّي لَتُبْعَثُنَّ ثُمَّ لَتُنَبَّؤُنَّ بِمَا عَمِلْتُمْ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

“The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected (for the Account). Say (O Muhammad): ‘Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you did, and that is easy for Allah.” (At-Taghabun 64:7)

“And he who denies the resurrection has disbelieved.” This is because he has obstinately rejected a pillar from the pillars of Al Eemaan. This is also because he has denied Allah, His Messengers, and His Books. This is because Allah, the Majestic and High, the Messengers, and the Books all have informed about the resurrection. So, he who rejects it then he is a disbeliever. The proof is the statement of the Most High: “those who disbelieve claim,” and to claim is denial. He said: “…that they shall not be resurrected.”

Therefore, the verse proves that rejection of the resurrection is disbelief. They say that there is no resurrection after death. The polytheists and the worshipers of idols, during the time of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, used to debate against the resurrection. As Allah says:

أَإِذَا كُنَّا عِظَامًا نَّخِرَةً قَالُوا تِلْكَ إِذًا كَرَّةٌ خَاسِرَةٌ

“Even after we are crumbled bones?” They say: ‘It would in that case, be a return with loss!'” (An-Nazi’at [79:11-12])

They said:

قَالَ مَن يُحْيِي الْعِظَامَ وَهِيَ رَمِيمٌ

“Who will give life to these bones when they have rotted away and became dust?” (Ya-Sin [36:78])

From their arguments is that they said:

أَيَعِدُكُمْ أَنَّكُمْ إِذَا مِتُّمْ وَكُنتُمْ تُرَابًا وَعِظَامًا أَنَّكُم مُّخْرَجُونَ هَيْهَاتَ هَيْهَاتَ لِمَا تُوعَدُونَ

“Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, you shall come out alive (resurrected) ?” (Al-Mu’minun [23:35-36])

There are other statements of the disbelievers from the previous nations and the polytheist during the time of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. So he who denies the resurrection, then he has joined these disbelievers. And no one denies the resurrection except a disbeliever. Allah, the Majestic and High, has commanded His Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم to swear by Him regarding the resurrection. Wherein he said: “…say: ‘nay by my Lord,'” This is an oath. He said:

قُلْ بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّي لَتُبْعَثُنَّ ثُمَّ لَتُنَبَّؤُنَّ بِمَا عَمِلْتُمْ

“You will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you did,” (At-Taghabun [64:7])


This is one of three verses wherein Allah commanded his Prophet to swear an oath regarding the resurrection.

– The first verse is in Surah Yunus:

وَيَسْتَنبِئُونَكَ أَحَقٌّ هُوَ ۖ قُلْ إِي وَرَبِّي إِنَّهُ لَحَقٌّ ۖ وَمَا أَنتُم بِمُعْجِزِينَ

“And they ask you (O Muhammad) to inform them (saying): “Is it true (i.e., the torment and the establishment of the Hour – the Day of Resurrection)?” Say: “Yes! By my Lord! It is the very truth! and you cannot escape from it!” (Yunus [10:53])

– The second is within Surah Saba’:

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَا تَأْتِينَا السَّاعَةُ ۖ قُلْ بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّي لَتَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ ۖ لَا يَعْزُبُ عَنْهُ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا أَصْغَرُ مِن ذَٰلِكَ وَلَا أَكْبَرُ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ لِّيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَرِزْقٌ كَرِيمٌ

“Those who disbelieve say: “The Hour will not come to us.” Say: “Yes, by my Lord, it will come to you.” (Allah, He is) the All-Knower of the unseen, not even the weight of an atom (or a small ant) or less than that or greater, escapes from His Knowledge in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a Clear Book. That He may recompense those who believe and do righteous good deeds. Those, theirs is forgiveness and Rizqun Karim (generous provision, i.e., Paradise).” (Saba’ [34:3-4])

– The third verse is that which we are covering now within Surah At-Taghabun:

زَعَمَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَن لَّن يُبْعَثُوا ۚ قُلْ بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّي لَتُبْعَثُنَّ ثُمَّ لَتُنَبَّؤُنَّ بِمَا عَمِلْتُمْ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

“The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected (for the Account). Say (O Muhammad): ‘Yes! By my Lord, you will certainly be resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you did, and that is easy for Allah.” (At-Taghabun 64:7)

The wisdom behind the resurrection is to reward the servants for their actions.

The statement of The Most High: “…and you shall be informed,” means that you will be informed regarding your actions you will be rewarded for them.

 


Taken from The Explanation of The Three Fundamental Principles (Al-Usool-uth-Thalaathah) by Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan (Translated by Aboo Moosa Raha ibn Donald Batts)

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