Shaykh Saalih Al Fawzaan said:
It is not permissible for a person who is in Janaaba (major state of impurity) to recite the Quran.
As for the women who are menstruating then there is khilaaf (differing opinions between the Fuqahaa) their menstruating is for a period of time (couple days).
However the one (male or female) who is in major impurity, then this does not have to be for a period of time (ex… days) because the person can make Ghusl immediately (ritual bath) due to this it is not permissible for the one who is in (Janaaba) major impurity to recite the Quraan.
Translators note: the Shaykh mentioned in a previous class that the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم never recited the Quran in Janaaba.
Source: Class on Al Muntaqaa of Shaykh Abdus Salaam Ibn Taymiyah Al Huraani ….. explained by Shaykh Saalih Al Fawzaan
Date & Place: 23/01l16, Al Malaz Riyadh, KSA
Notes compiled and translated by Abuabdilmaalik Abdulhaqq Ibn Islaam.