20 April 2014

The Adhkar (Supplications) After Salah

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There are many adhkar (supplications) that the Prophet (ﷺ) would make regularly, immediately after the fard prayers. And these were highly recommended by him (ﷺ) at various instances. The following are such adhkaar, which are to be said immediately after the Tasleem of the fard prayers, and before observing any subsequent nafl prayers (Bukhari & Muslim). And one should recite them loudly. (Bukhari & Muslim)

Each person should supplicate individually and not in chorus or in harmony, since this was not the practice of the Sahaba at the time of the Prophet (ﷺ) or after.

1)

استغفر الله

Astagh-firullah

(I seek forgiveness of Allah) – 3 times. (Muslim)


 2)

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلَامُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلَامُ، تَبَارَكْتَ يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ

Allahumma antas-Salaam wa minkas-Salaam tabarakta yaa dhal-jalaali walikraamOnce (Muslim)

O Allah, you are Peace and from you comes peace. Blessed are You, O owner of majesty and honour.


 3)

لَا إِلهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ،

Laa-ilaha ill-Allahu wa’hdahu laa-shareekalah; lahul-mulku walahul-‘hamdu wahuwa ‘ala kulli shay-in-Qadeer.

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone, He has no partner, His is the dominion and His is all praises, and He is able to do all things.

(To be said once after Dhuhr, ‘Asr and ‘Isha and ten times each after Maghrib and Fajr). (Bukhari and Muslim)


 4)

اللَّهُمَّ لَا مَانِعَ لِمَا أَعْطَيْتَ، وَلَا مُعْطِيَ لِمَا مَنَعْتَ، وَلَا يَنْفَعُ ذَا الْجَدِّ مِنْكَ الْجَدُّ

Allahummaa la maane’ lima ‘aatayta wala mo’tiya lima mana’ta wala yanfa’u dhal jaddi minkal jadd.

O Allah, there is none who can withhold what you give, and none can give what you have withheld; and the might of the mighty person cannot benefit him against You. – Once (Bukhari and Muslim)


 5)

Once each:

لَا إِلهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ،

a) Laa-ilaha ill-Allahu wa’hdahu laa-shareekalah; lahul-mulku walahul-‘hamdu wahuwa ‘ala kulli shay-in-Qadeer.

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone, He has no partner, His is the dominion and His is all praises, and He is able to do all things.

 لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، وَلَا نَعْبُدُ إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ، لَه النِّعْمَةُ وَلَهُ الْفَضْلُ وَلَهُ الثَّنَاءُ الْحَسَنُ

b) Laa ‘hawla wala quwwata illa billah, Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu walaa na’-budu illa iyyahu lahunn’ima walahul-fadlu walahu-thanaa-ulHasan.

There is no power and no might except by Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and we do not worship any other besides Him. His is grace, and His bounty and to him belongs the most excellent praise.

 لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ

c) Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu mukhliseena lahuddeen walaw karihal kaafiroon.

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, we are sincere in making our religious devotions to Him, even though the disbelievers may dislike it. (Muslim)


 6)

Using the fingers of your right hand, supplicate the following:

a) Subhan-Allah (How Perfect is Allah/ Glory be to Allah)– 33 times

b) Al’hamdu-lillah (All praise be to Allah)– 33 times

c)  Allahu-Akbar (Allah is he Greatest)– 33 times


 7)

And conclude by saying:

لَا إِلهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ،

Laa-ilaha ill-Allahu wa’hdahu laa-shareekalah; lahul-mulku walahul-‘hamdu wahuwa ‘ala kulli shay-in-Qadeer – Once

None has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone, He has no partner, His is the dominion and His is all praises, and He is able to do all things 


8)

Then one can recite Aayatal Kursi (Surah Al-Baqarah: 255) – Once.

اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لاَ تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلاَ نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاو ;َاتِ وَالأَرْضَ وَلاَ يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ

Allahu la ilaha illahuwa alhayyu alqayyoomu la ta/khuthuhusinatun wala nawmun lahu ma fee assamawatiwama fee al-ardi man tha allatheeyashfaAAu AAindahu illa bi-ithnihi yaAAlamu mabayna aydeehim wama khalfahum wala yuheetoonabishay-in min AAilmihi illa bima shaawasiAAa kursiyyuhu assamawati wal-ardawala yaooduhu hifthuhumawahuwa alAAaliyyu alAAatheem

Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.


 9)

After that recite the last three chapters of the Qur’an, Surah Al-Al-Ikhlaas, Surah Al-Falaq and Surah An-Naas

These three chapters are to be recited once each after Dhuhr, ‘Asr and ‘Isha and thrice each after Maghrib and Fajr. (Abi Dawood, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i and Al Hakim)

Surah Al-Iklas:

بَسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ “قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ ۞ اللهُ الصَّمَدُ ۞ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ ۞ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ”

Qul huwa Allahu ahad. Allahu assamad. Lam yalid walam yoolad. Walam yakun lahu kufuwan ahad

Say, “He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”

Surah Al-Falaq: 

بَسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ “قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ ۞ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ ۞ وَمِنْ شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ ۞ وَمِنْ شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ ۞ وَمِنْ شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ”.

Qul aAAoothu birabbi alfalaq Min sharri ma khalaq Wamin sharri ghasiqin ithawaqab  Wamin sharri annaffathatifee alAAuqad  Wamin sharri hasidin itha hasad

Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of daybreak, From the evil of that which He created, And from the evil of darkness when it settles, And from the evil of the blowers in knots, And from the evil of an envier when he envies.”

Surah An-Nas: 

بَسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ “قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ ۞ مَلِكِ النَّاسِ ۞ إِلَهِ النَّاسِ ۞ مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ ۞ الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ ۞ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ”.

Qul aAAoothu birabbi annas  Maliki annas  Ilahi annas  Min sharri alwaswasi alkhannas  Allathee yuwaswisu fee sudoori annas  Mina aljinnati wannas

Say, “I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, The Sovereign of mankind. The God of mankind, From the evil of the retreating whisperer – Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind – From among the jinn and mankind.”


10)

One may end by saying:

Allahumma a-inni ‘ala dhikrika wa shukrika wa ‘husni ‘ibaadatik.

O Allah, help me to remember You, to give You thanks, and to perform Your worship in the best manner. (Abi Dawood and Nasa’i)

Prayer 5 Arabic // Shaykh Saalih Al Luhaidaan - Manners Of Prayer 5
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