Our Shaykh, Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan , Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā, resumed his regular classes this past Saturday, which was on the 16th of Shawaal 1436 Hijreeya, (1st of August 2015 Milaadeeya). And that which is customary is that we study the book ‘Al Muntaqa’, and this particular book is written by Shaykh Abdus Sallaam ibn Muhammad ibn Alee al Hourani ibn Taymiyyah, and he is not the Shaykh -ul –Islaam ibn Taymiyyah that we are accustomed hearing about, because Shaykh Abdus Sallaam al Hourani, he died approximately around the year 652 as was mentioned by Imaam Adh-Dhahabi in his book, ‘Siyar a`lam al-Nubala’’. And Shaykh -ul –Islaam ibn Taymeeyah rahimullah ta’ala, he died around the year 728. So this particular book, it points us to the legislations of Islaamic Sharee’ah from the speech of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and that is, narrations that are collected on the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam which points us to the affairs of Fiqh.
The Fiqh of the Janazah – Salah for the Deceased:
1. The Takbeers
So from those benefits which our Shaykh, Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan , Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā mentioned in this class was that as we know Sallatul Janazah consists of four(4) takbeeraat, and that is after the first takbeer it is upon an individual to recite Surah Fatihah. Then he moves on to the second takbeer, where it is upon him to send sallaams or durood upon the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. And then he moves on to the third takbeer, at this particular point he should supplicate for the deceased, preferably from that which is authentically narrated on the Prophets alayahis Sallatu wa Sallam. Then after that an individual moves on to the fourth takbeer, which is the last takbeer and it’s upon an individual to send tasleem or to end his salah Beeiznillaahi ta’alā.
2. Supplicating in other than Arabic
The next benefit that our Shaykh Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā, that he mentioned was that if a person is not able to recite a supplication in Arabic from that which was narrated on the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam for the deceased, then he Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā mentioned that it is permissible for an individual to supplicate in his or her own language. So it is permissible for an individual if he doesn’t know Arabic that he supplicates for the deceased in his own language.
3. Performing the Janazaah alone
The next benefit is, the Shaykh Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā he mentioned, that if it is the imaam is performing Sallatul Janazah by himself without a congregation, then he performs the salah reciting the takbeeraat and the sallaams silently. However, if it is the imaam is performing with a congregation, then he performs the takbeeraat and the sallams audible for the people that are behind him to hear.
4. Supplicating after the 4th takbeer
The next benefit, is that our Shaykh Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā he mentioned concerning the Hadith of Abdillah Ibn Abi Awfa , which is collected by Imaam Ahmad and Ibn Majah concerning supplicating after the fourth takbeer. And this is something that is correct. However, that which is more famous is making the tasleem, is giving the salaams and ending the salah.
5. Where the imam stands: Males vs. Females
The next benefit, is that our Shaykh Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā mentioned, is that the imaam who is performing Salatul Janazah,if it is he is praying for a deceased man, a male , then the imaam, he stands at the head of the male. And if it is he is performing Janazah for a female then he stands at the middle of the deceased. And if it is the imaam is performing Salatul Janazah for multiple people, as we know the permissibility for performing one salah for multiple people. And if it is the deceased are male and females, then the males are put in front and the females behind, and the imaam , he would stand at the head of the male. This will also be the situation if it is, that if the deceased that imaam is praying for are females and there is one male baby. The imaam he would put the male baby in front and the females behind, and he would stand at the head of that male baby.
6. Performing the Salah in the Masjid
The next benefit, is that our Shaykh Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā he mentioned the permissibility of performing Salatul Janazah in the masjid, as was done for Abu Bakr and Umar raḍhiya ‘llāhu ʿan-huma. Likewise after the death of Saad ibn Abi Waqaas, our mother Aisha raḍiya ‘llāhu ʿan-ha she told the companions raḍiya ‘llāhu ʿan-hum to enter with Saad into the masjid, so that she can perform Salatul Janazah with the congregation. However, that which was regularly practiced by the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and the companions raḍiya ‘llāhu ʿan-hum, was that they use to perform Salatul Janazah outside of the masjid at a designated area for the Janazah prayer. So it should be noted that if the Janazah is performed inside the masjid, then it is permissible, but what is better and that which was regularly practiced was that the Salah was performed outside in a designated area, outside of the masjid.
7. Rawaahu a Sittah vs Rawaahu as Saba’
The next benefit is that our Shaykh Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā he mentions a beautiful Faa’ida concerning the narrations of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, concerning hadith. And that is, that if it is that the ‘Ulema they mention the statement , Rawaahu a Sittah meaning that these narrations are collected by the six famous Imaams , then they being, Imaam Bukhari, Imaam Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i and Ibn Majah. However, if it is that the ‘Ulama mention Rawaahu as Saba’ , the seventh Imaam , will be considered Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal rahimullah wa ta’ala.
8. Driving and walking to follow the Janazah
The next benefit is that the Shaykh he mentioned concerning following the Janazah. And that is that we know following the procession, some people they follow with cars and some people they walk. The Shaykh Hafidhahullah wa ta’alā he mentioned concerning the narration that we studied, that it is preferable to follow the Janazah by walking. So it should be noted however, that it is not impermissible, but it is better to follow the Janazah walking, bi’iznillah ta’ala.
Wa eela hoona, BaarakaAllahu Feekum, we ask Allaah tabarak wa ta’alā to help us to benefit from this knowledge and that He makes us from those who are consistent in seeking it, and that he makes us from those who are sincere, who memorize , who understand ,and call to it and live by it. May Allaah tabarak wa ta’alā bless you, and bless all those who hold on to His Book, and the Sunnah of His Messenger Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam as was understood by the Salaf as Saalih. BaarakaAllahu Feekum. Subhanakallahumma wa bihamdika, ash hadu alla ilaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk”
Translated by Abuabdilmaalik AbdulHaqq Ibn Islaam (salafitt.com)
Notes from Saturday Lesson (08/01/2015): ‘Al Muntaqa’ by Shaykh Abdus Sallaam ibn Muhammad ibn Alee al Hourani ibn Taymiyyah