10 August 2015

The Shaytaan’s Plots, Extremism and the Middle Course – Benefits from Igaathatul Lahfaan – Sh. Fawzaan

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Notes from Sunday Lesson (08/02/2015): Igaathatul Lahfaan Fee Masaayid Ash-Shaytaan (Aiding the Distress against the plot of the Shaytaan) by Ibn Qayyim Al Jawziyyah

Explained by Shaykh Saalih Al Fawzaan

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  1. The Shaytaan plots against the children of Adam (and this is to lead them astray from the path of Allah). The Shaykh mentions that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala created the Shaytaan for a hikmah (a wisdom), and he placed him to do that which he does from evil deeds also for a hikmah (a wisdom). And that is so that Allah will differentiate those who are truthful in their eemaan—from those who are weak or those who are not truthful.

  2. From the evil tricks of the Shaytaan is that he deceives the people with ghulu (extremism). The Shaykh said Al Ghulu (extremism) is where someone is hard or goes overboard with himself and with other people.

  3. The Shaytaan looks at the slave of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala and if it is that he finds the slave to be upon khair (good), then he starts to encourage him to be upon ghulu (extremism)—so that he may take him away from the correct path.

  4. It is upon the Muslim to be upon the middle course. Not to be extreme nor should a person be lax in their religion. A muslim cannot be upon the middle course except that he seeks aid from Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala, and that it is also upon the believer to seek out beneficial knowledge—this is because beneficial knowledge would help the individual tread upon the middle course.

  5. From this beneficial knowledge is to know what the Salaf-as-Saalih (The Righteous Predecessors) were upon—(From the Sahaba to the Taabee’un to the atba Taabi’een and also from the imams of the ummah). This is because if one understands what they were upon then one may be able to tread upon their way.

  6. Every shaytaan has its paths. So whoever comes off the صِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ (straight path) then he falls or enters into one of these paths of the shaytaan. The Shaykh mentioned that every shaytaan calls to its way and it calls the people away from the straight path. He mentioned that these shayateen (devils) are from the jinns and also from the human beings.

  7. You will find on the صِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ (straight path) the best of the people of the creation.

    The shaykh mentions the verse:

     وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ ۚ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا

    “And whoso obeys Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad Sallalaahu Alaihi wa Sallam), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allah has favored, of the Prophets, the Siddiqun (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abu Bakr As-Siddiq), the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” (An-Nisa 4/69)

  8. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala has made it incumbent upon us to recite Surat Al-Fātiĥah. This is because we need to keep asking Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala to guide us the straight path (صِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ). The Shaykh said that the whole of Surat Al-Fātiĥah is a dua (supplication); the first half is dua al-ibadah (a dua of worship–singling out Allah), and the second half is known as dua as-mas-Allah— the supplication where we ask Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala for those necessities. For example, in Surat Al-Fātiĥah, we recite اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ (guide us to the straight path).

  9. A person will not be able to free himself from the evil paths and the evil callers except through seeking beneficial knowledge and holding onto Ahlul ilm (The people of knowledge). The Shaykh said the one who treads upon evil and evil ways (for example the individual falls into those evils like the social medias (twitter and that which is similar)—he mentions that if this person falls into this then he is in great danger to be led astray and he will not be able to free himself from this except by seeking beneficial knowledge and treading upon the way of the Salaf-as-Saalih, holding onto the well known scholars, staying away from those people who claim to have knowledge, and also staying away from those scholars who are misguided and misguide the people.

  10. Ghulu (Extremism) is one of the most dangerous things a person can be upon and that is because this individual goes overboard. The Shaykh said this is the way of the khawarij. He mentioned that the Khawarij’s aim is to fight the Muslims and that we do not know them to ever fight against disbelievers—but rather they fight the Muslims because they hold the Muslims to be disbelievers. So they fight the people of eemaan. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalaahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said about the khawarij that if he was to ever find them (the khawarij) that he would kill them like the people of ‘Aad (Sahih Muslim).

    Therefore it is incumbent to fight the khawarij to free the people from their mischief and their evil ways. Even before this— it is incumbent to warn against their evils and to warn against their misguidance—this is because they are a danger upon the ummah because they (the khawarij) claim to be upon deen and to have eemaan; they fast, they pray—it may be perhaps they perform more salah and recite more Qur’aan than Ahlus Sunnah so much so that they themselves present this in their arguments. They say that they have Qur’aan and that they perform the night prayer. The Shaykh mentioned however that with all of their claims then know that they are not upon the correct way. The Shaykh said there is no success except that a person is upon the middle course and not be extreme and not to go overboard— and this can only be achieved with having sincere intentions.

  11. The closest way to learn beneficial knowledge and to be upon the middle course is to study the books which contains the aqeedah of Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. He said that these books are between our hands and they are taught in different schools. The Shaykh mentions that the book Aqeedah al-Wasitiyyah is a book that is comprehensive in all of the doors concerning aqeedah. And if a person understands Aqeedah al-Wasitiyyah then he will have a good understanding of Aqeedah.

  12. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala says in the Qur’aan:

    يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ
    “Oh People of the book, do not be extreme in your religion…”

    Allah mentions this twice (Once in An-Nisa (4/171), and once in Al-Mā’idah (5:77))

    The Shaykh said this verse is concerning the christians and that is because they were extreme in regards to Prophet Eesaa (alayhi as-salām). So much so that they say he (Eesaa) is Allah, or they say that he is the son of Allah, or they say he is the third of three (and this is in regards to their concept of trinity). The Shaykh said that they are extreme in regards to their claim concerning Prophet Easaa. However, he is the messenger of Allah.

    The Shaykh also mentioned the verse where Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala says:

    يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ وَلَا تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ
    “O People of the Scripture, do not be extreme in your religion, and do not say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam, was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah…” (An-Nisa (4/171)

  13. The christians were extreme in their religion, while the jews were lax (they were easy). It is thus upon the believers to be in between—to be upon the middle course.

  14. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala says:

     يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ
    O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawaf of ) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance). (Al-‘A`rāf 7/31)

    The Shaykh commented on this verse that covering the awrah (private parts) is a condition from the conditions of the Salah. The Shaykh said that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala commanded here with covering the awrah and wearing garments because the women of the people of jahiliyyah (ignorance) used to make tawaf around the Ka’aba naked—with very little covering, and they use to claim that this was their religion.

    In regards to eat and drink, the Shaykh said then do not make impermissible that which Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala has made halal, and do not be extreme.

    And then Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions that do not be wasteful. The Shaykh mentions that Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala says do not waste in regards to food and drink. Wasting is impermissible, but it is upon you to be upon the middle course in regards to your food and your drink. The middle course is the correct way. Do not be stingy but at the same time do not be wasteful. Be upon the middle course in your spending.

    The Shaykh also mentioned the verse of Allah where He Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala says:

    وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ قَوَامًا
    And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes). (Al-Furqān 25/67)


Translated by Abuabdilmaalik AbdulHaqq

Notes from Sunday Lesson (08/02/2015): Igaathatul Lahfaan Fee Masaayid Ash-Shaytaan (Aiding the Distress against the plot of the Shaytaan) by Ibn Qayyim Al Jawziyyah

Click here for PDF

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