10 July 2014

The Three Questions Asked in the Grave (Sh. Fawzaan)

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When the servant is placed within his grave and the dirt is cast upon him and the people depart from him returning to their families, the two angels will come to him in his grave. His soul will be returned to him within his body and he will be made to live the life of the Barzakh. It is not a life similar to the life of the Dunyaa. It is a life which Allah is the Most Knowledgeable concerning its details. They will make him sit up in his grave and they will say to him:

  1. Who is your Lord?
  2. What is your religion?
  3. Who is your Prophet?

The believer will say:

“My Lord is Allah; my religion is Al-Islaam; and Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم is my Prophet.”

So, it will be said to him:

“How do you know this?”

He will say:

“I read Allah’s Book; so, I knew and recognized (the truth).”

Then a caller will proclaim:

“My slave has spoken truthfully. So, spread a bed for him from Paradise and open a door for him into Paradise.”

His grave will be expanded for him as far as the eye can see and the scent and aroma of Paradise will come to him and he will look at his place in Paradise, so he will say:

“Oh my Lord, establish the Hour so that I may return to my family and possessions.”

As for the doubter who lived in doubt and skepticism without certainty, even if he claimed Islam, since he had doubt and skepticism in the religion of Allah, such as the hypocrite, then he will stutter .

When they say to him:

“Who is your lord?”

He will say:

“I don’t know.”

When they say:

“What is your religion?”

He will say:

“I don’t know.”

When it is said:

“Who is your Prophet?”

He will say:

“Ah, Ah, I don’t know. I heard the people saying something So, I said it.”

Meaning: He, within the Dunyaa, said what the people said without having Eemaan, and the refuge is with Allah. This is the hypocrite who outwardly displays Islam, but he does not believe within his heart. He only outwardly displays it for some worldly benefit. So, he says within the Dunyaa: Allah is my Lord. Yet, he does not believe it. His heart rejects it, and the refuge is with Allah.

He says:

“My religion is Al-Islaam.”

Yet he does not believe in Al-Islaam. His heart rejects it.

He says:

“My Prophet is Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم

Yet he does not believe in the Messengership of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم within his heart. He only says it with his tongue. This is the hypocrite.

It will be said to him:

“You did not know nor did you follow the path of those who knew.”

So, he will be struck with a large iron hammer from which he will scream in such a manner that if the two classes (Jinn and mankind) were to hear him they would pass out. Everything except mankind will hear it, and if they heard it, they would pass out; meaning, he would die from terror.

His grave will become constricted upon him until his ribs cave in upon each other. A door to the Fire will be opened for him and its hot wind and heart will come to him, and he will say:

“O my Lord, do not establish the Hour.”

This is his life and state within the grave, and the refuge is with Allah. This is because he did not respond with the upright answer. Due to this, a caller will proclaim:

“My servant has lied. So, spread for him a bed from the Fire and open for him a door from the Fire.”

The refuge is with Allah.

Since these questions have such importance, it is obligatory upon us to learn them and believe in them, and not to suffice with simply learning them. Rather, we learn them, we believe in them, we have Eemaan in them, and we act upon them as long as we are alive, in hopes that Allah will make us firm when being questioned in the grave.

Allah the Exalted says:

يُثَبِّتُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ بِٱلْقَوْلِ ٱلثَّابِتِ فِى ٱلْحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَفِى ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ ۖ وَيُضِلُّ ٱللَّهُ ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَ ۚ وَيَفْعَلُ ٱللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُ

“Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e., they will keep on worshipping Allah Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter. And Allah will cause to go astray those who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), and Allah does what He wills.” (Ibrahim (14:27)

So, these three questions are not only the questions that the slave will be asked when he is placed within his grave, but they are also the foundations of the religion of Al-Islam; they are the Three Principles which are obligatory to know:

  1. The servant knowing his Lord
  2. His religion
  3. His Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم.

Taken from The Explanation of The Three Fundamental Principles (Al-Usool-uth-Thalaathah) by Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan (Translated by Aboo Moosa Raha ibn Donald Batts)

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